The recommended frequency: each 5000 km of a run or 3 months.
Periodic replacement of oil and oil filter — the most important preventive procedure of maintenance. In use engine oil grows old — loses operational properties and becomes soiled wear products that leads to premature wear of the engine.
You make replacement of oil right after a trip on yet not cooled down engine that oil followed together with pollution quicker.
Uncover the oil-filling mouth located on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders.
Lift the car on the elevator or install the car in horizontal position on an osmotrovy ditch.
Fig. 2.5. Otvorachivany traffic jams of discharge of engine oil
Place capacity for collecting oil under a drain opening and turn out a stopper
. Hold a stopper during an otvorachivaniye that oil did not flow out prematurely. Wait for discharge of engine oil. At an otvorachivaniye of a stopper and plum of oil be careful as oil has high temperature.
Visual survey check a condition of engine oil for availability of metal shaving and other inclusions.
Pure rags clear an oil discharge stopper.
When oil completely flows down, wipe oil around a drain opening and wrap a stopper with a new sealing ring.
Move capacity for collecting oil under an oil filter.
On cars till 2001 access to an oil filter is provided from above, and on cars since 2001 — from below.
Fig. 2.6. An arrangement of an oil filter on release cars till 2001
Special key weaken an oil filter, then turn off his hand
(fig. 2.6, 2.7)
. After separation of the filter from the block of cylinders at once turn it a flange with a carving up to exclude discharge of oil from the filter.
Fig. 2.7. An arrangement of an oil filter on release cars since 2001
At an otvorachivaniye of an oil filter be careful as the final collector has high temperature.
Wipe with pure rags the block of cylinders from the oil which spilled at removal of the filter, otherwise during the operation of the engine oil will burn out and smoke. Also the remains of oil will interfere with the correct installation and an inhaling of a new oil filter.
Make sure that on the privalochny surface of the block of cylinders there were no pasted fragments of laying of the filter. In this case remove them with a scraper.
Oil fresh engine a sealing ring of a new oil filter and wrap an oil filter before contact of laying with the block of cylinders then tighten the filter on 3/4 turns by hand.
Fill in oil of the corresponding brand in the engine. In a few minutes check the level of engine oil. If it is about FULL tag, close a cover of an oil-filling mouth.
Start the engine for one minute in order that engine oil began to circulate on the engine.
Stop the engine and wait several minutes that oil flew down in the pallet.
Check the level of oil and add if it is necessary. Check lack of leak of oil from under a stopper and an oil filter, in case of need tighten them.