Install the car on the elevator and lift on height, convenient for survey.
Check wear and a condition of tires.
Check a condition of the universal hinge between a steering shaft and a case of steering transfer.
Check a case of steering transfer for lack of leak of liquid.
Visually check protective covers of spherical hinges and the rack steering mechanism for existence of cracks, attritions and aging. Any damages of covers will lead to loss of lubricant and hit in water and dirt, and as a result — to bystry wear of spherical hinges or the steering mechanism.
While the assistant turns a steering wheel here and there, check details and knots of steering for freedom of movement, wear and reliability of fastening.
Fig. 2.25. Use of mount for check of a side play of hinges of the lower levers
Check a state and a side play of hinges of the lower levers, trying to move with mount levers concerning a wheel rim
up and down
Take a forward wheel hands in situation "6 and 12 h" and try to shake it in the vertical plane. The insignificant side play of a wheel is admissible. If a side play big, further check is necessary to establish a cause of defect. Continue to swing a wheel at the same time the assistant has to press a brake pedal. If the side play is eliminated or considerably reduced, then probably hug bearings are damaged. If a side play still big, so connections and fastenings of a suspension bracket are worn-out.
Now take a wheel hands in situation "9 and 3 h" and try to shake it in the horizontal plane. The side play in the horizontal plane can be caused by wear of the hug bearing or spherical hinges of steering draft. If external or internal spherical hinged connection is worn out, the side play will be swept up at once.
In a back part of the car examine plugs of levers of a back suspension bracket.